Imagining Fair Social Assistance Rates
February 19, 2015 Poverty Reduction
(Following is a copy of legislation that received first reading in the Ontario Legislature in June 2007.)
An Act to Establish the Ontario Social Assistance Rates Board
Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, enacts as follows:
1. In this Act,
1. “benefit unit” means a person and all of his or her dependants on behalf of whom the person receives or applies for social assistance;
“Board” means the Ontario Social Assistance RatesBoard established under section 2;
“Minister” means the Minister of Community and SocialServices;
“social assistance” means,
(a) income support under the Ontario Disability Support Program Act, 1997, and
(b) basic financial assistance under the Ontario Works Act, 1997.
2. A Board to be known in English as the Ontario Social Assistance Rates Board and in French as Commission ontarienne des taux d’aide sociale is hereby established.
3. (1) The Board shall be composed of at least six and not more than nine members appointed by the Lieutenant Governor in Council.
(2) The members shall be persons who have, in the opinion of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, expertise in poverty research and current research regarding the costs of living in Ontario communities.
(3) In addition to the qualifications set out in subsection (2),
(a) at least two of the members shall be persons who have, in the opinion of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, expertise regarding the costs of living for disabled persons in Ontario communities; and
(b) at least two of the members shall be persons whohave received social assistance at some time within the 10-year period before being appointed or are receiving social assistance at the time of their appointment.
(4) A member shall be appointed for a term of two,three or five years.
Chair and Vice-Chair
(5) The Lieutenant Governor in Council shall designate one of the members as chair and may designate one or more other members as vice-chair.
Remuneration and expenses
4. The members of the Board who are not members ofthe public service of Ontario may be paid the remuneration fixed by the Lieutenant Governor in Council and the reasonable expenses incurred in the course of their duties under this Act.
5. (1) Except as limited by this Act, the Board has all the powers that are necessary or expedient for carrying out its duties under this Act.
(2) The Board may retain experts as it considers necessary from time to time.
6. (1) The Board shall provide an annual report in accordance with this Act to the Minister on or before December 31 in every year.
(2) The Board shall perform the duties that are assigned to it by or under this Act.
(3) The Board shall meet at least six times annually forthe purpose of preparing the annual report.
Additional reports(4) In addition to the report described in subsection(1), the Board shall provide additional reports and information about adequate standards of living to the Ministeron request.
Contents of Annual report
7. (1) The annual report shall include a list of defined regions identified by the Board on the basis of different costs of living in different parts of the Province.
(2) The annual report shall include recommended so-cial assistance rates and processes for providing social assistance for each region identified under subsection (1) including consideration of,(a) monthly basic needs rates at a set amount that will enable benefit units to obtain,(i) nutritious food baskets,
(ii) basic telephone service,
(iii) basic transportation,
(iv) personal needs items, including clothing, personal hygiene products and household clean-ing supplies,
(v) items and services relating to the educationaland recreational needs of any children,
(vi) any necessary modifications to a rental unit inorder to accommodate any disability,
(vii) additional expenses that may be incurred by persons with disabilities in order for them toparticipate fully in society, including expenses relating to education, over the counter medical goods, entertainment and clothing,and
(viii) other basic goods and services to fulfil needsspecified by the Board as basic;
(b) maximum monthly shelter allowance rates, including reference to,
(i) Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation research on local rents,
(ii) any other research that the Board considers relevant regarding local rents and shelter ex-penses, including utilities, heating costs, furnace or hot water tank rentals, property taxes and fire insurance, and(iii) separate recommendations regarding housing that is modified for disabled persons;(c) the level of benefits to be provided to benefit units under the Ontario Works Act, 1997;
(d) the level of benefits to be provided to benefit unitsunder the Ontario Disability Support Program Act,1997;(e) other statutory benefits that are actually received by benefit units, including the Ontario Child Benefit;
(f) the fact that many recipients of social assistanceunder the Ontario Works Act, 1997 are, for extended periods of time, unable to supplement their income through employment; and
(g) the fact that many recipients of social assistance under the Ontario Disability Support Program Act,1997 are, due to the long-term nature of many disabilities, unable to supplement their income through employment.
(3) The Board shall consider the rates set under the Ontario Works Act, 1997 and the Ontario Disability Support Program Act, 1997 and may recommend changes to those rates.
Variation in rates
(4) The regional rates recommended in subsection (2) shall be uniform within each region but may differ between regions.
8. (1) On or before March 31 in every year, the Minister shall publish a report responding to the Board’s recommendations in the annual report and shall set out a timeline for dealing with the recommendations.
(2) The Minister shall submit any reports received from the Board to the Lieutenant Governor in Council and shall then lay them before the Assembly if it is in session or, if not, at the next session.
Annual Report made Public
(3) The Minister shall make the annual report available to the public within 90 days of receiving the report.
9. (1) Subject to subsection (2), this Act comes into force on the day it receives Royal Assent.(2) Sections 1 to 8 come into force six months after the day this Act receives Royal Assent.
10. The short title of this Act is the Ontario Social Assistance Rates Act, 2007.